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Fler digitala verktyg

The new EU Copyright Directive

Dear reader

Due to the new EU Copyright Directive I am removing direkt links in posts to anything which may fall under the new copyright laws. I regret that I can no longer give you the service of embedded material and direkt links other than to a very limited extent. For learning purposes this is less than ideal.

This is a time consuming work. I am working through posts and material in reverse chronological order. As I know this site is actively used I am trying to adapt material rather than just removing it. Instead of including hyperlinks I will rephrase the text to indicate where resources can be found.

/Henrika Florén

AI writer, plagiarism and teaching

When you hear the term Artificial Intelligence (AI) you might think of humanoid robots or speech recognition on your phone such as Siri of Google Assistant, but AI services are becoming readily available in all sorts of applications.

AI writer is a text generating AI freely available for anyone on the internet. The chances are students are already using this. If students have not yet discovered this at least it should be safe to say that in alla probability students will be ahead of the teaching community.

Ai writer works like this; you type in a few keywords, for example, “battle of Hastings, British history, Norman conquest”, and your email adress and then simply click the box “write article”. An AI written text with references is then sent to your email and you can retrieve it from your inbox.

In this example (the Battle of Hastings) I received a message and a link to a text to my email.

The AI generated text starts like this;

On October 14, 1066, in England, the Battle of Hastings, King Harold II ( 1022-66 ) of England was defeated by the Norman forces of William the Conqueror ( c. 1028-87 ) .King Harold II of England is defeated by the Norman forces of William the Conqueror at has’s Battle, fought on senlake Hill, seven miles from has, England .3

As part of a rebellion against the new Norman invaders, the Wake of the abbey was plundered in Peterborough .22
After the victory of the head, the count of mercy was killed in the uprising against William his castle and the lands of Dudley were given to William’s Norman supporters .22 It is possible that William the Conqueror planned to attack King Malcolm to prevent Edgar from protecting the aether heli and stop him from advancing in the north of England .22
Edgar the Aetheling joined forces with King Malcolm in Scotland and King Philippe I of France in an attempt to take the throne of English .22

For the full text please follow the link above.

This AI generated text, with some adjustments, would cause trouble for the anti-plagiarism tools used in many Learning Management Platforms (LMS), but would probably not slip past the experienced teacher. In my experience teachers tend to know their students and how they write, and would react to a change of style and level of proficiency. At this point the AI writer is still quite rudimentary, but AIs are developing at breakneck speed and we should keep an eye on what they can (and cannot) do.

I will be posting ideas on how you can use an AI writer as a teaching and learning tools instead of battling it as sneaky sources of plagiarism (which it can be).

Other posts on this topic

The AI that recognises writing style

Teach using AI-writer

This post was edited and updated 2019-03-18

New adventures

As I have changed careers and am no longer actively teaching highschool, this blog has ground to a halt. The blog and materials and recourses will still be accessible and you can expect the odd post to appear att irregular intervalls but probably with a slight change of focus. However, my focus is still very much in education and more specifically on the changes which follow from the transitions to digital learning landscapes.

Painting by Henrika Florén, 2004

Presidential Speeches: Discussion – rhetorics and power

Discussion – rhetorics and power

2-3 students in each discussion group
Scope: 5-7 minutes

Preparation: Watch/read the inaugural speeches delivered by Barack Obama and by Donal Trump.

  1. Barack Obama ”A Presidents’ Address” pages 9-14 in Viewpoints 3 – (accessable through
  2. Obama delivers first inaugural address. President Barack Obama takes the oath of office and delivers his inaugural address from the steps of the Capitol
  3. Full Text: President Donald Trump’s Inaugural Address
  4. President Donald Trump’s Inaugural Address (Full Speech) | NBC News

For each speech find/identify…

  • Metaphorical language – give examples and explain what these metaphors usually mean.
  • Theses & antitheses – give examples and explain
  • Quotes – Do the speakers use quotations? Give examples and find out who they are quoting.


THEN Discuss:

  • Metaphorical language – Use the metaphors you have identified to discuss. Why do you think these metaphors are used?
  • Theses & antitheses – Use the theses/antitheses you have identified to discuss. What impact does use of these theses/antitheses have on the speakers message?
  • Quotes – Use the quotes you have identified to discuss. Give examples of quotes you have identified and dicuss the presidents’ choice of quote. Why do you think a specific quote is used. How does it affect the speakers massage?
  • Compare how the Obama and Trump use different rhetorical devises and how this affects their respective messages?
  • What evidence of ideologies can you find in their speeches? Give examples and motivate.
  • Where and how can you see power in effect in the language use of Obama and Trump respectively? Support your discussion with examples.

Presidential Speeches: Discussion – rhetorics and powerWorksheet for discussion (extract from the complete instructions), embedded to the left or as pdf to download English 7_Presidental Speeches_Discussion_20171415297898_stock_save-pdf





Posts on this theme

Theme ‘Visions’

An introduction to langugage ideology and power

A President’s Address

Presidential Speeches: Discussion – rhetorics and power

The Enigma Machine and the Bletchley Park Code Breakers

BBC History describes the Enigma machine as “a piece of spook hardware invented by a German and used by Britain’s codebreakers as a way of deciphering German signals traffic during World War Two”

If you like codes and puzzles you can explore the different type of machines and codes that were using during World War Two.

Alan Turing and his team at Beltchley Park managed to crack the Enigma machine and by doing so contributed to the Allied forces Victory in WWII. Bletchley Park was vital to Allied victory in World War Two.

What was Bletchely Park and who were the Code Breakers?  Bletchley Park was the once the top-secret home of the World War Two Codebreakers. Nearly 10,000 people worked in the wider Bletchley Park organisation. You can take a tour of Virtual Wartime Bletchely Park (1938).

Bletchley park code breakers

In a way this was “the birth of the information age, industrialisation of  codebreaking processes  with machines such as the Turing/Welchman Bombe and the world’s first electronic computer.

also see

Alan Turing and “The Imitation Game”

Ray Bradbury and Fahrenheit 451

Image in public domain from wikimedia commons

Ray Bradbury “published hundreds of short stories and close to fifty books, as well as numerous poems, essays, operas, plays, teleplays, and screenplays, Bradbury was one of the most celebrated writers of our time. His groundbreaking works include Fahrenheit 451, The Martian Chronicles, The Illustrated Man, Dandelion Wine, and Something Wicked This Way Comes” (from

“Set in the twenty-fourth century, Fahrenheit 451 introduces a new world in which control of the masses by the media, overpopulation, and censorship has taken over the general population. The individual is not accepted and the intellectual is considered an outlaw. Television has replaced the common perception of family. The fireman is now seen as a flamethrower, a destroyer of books rather than an insurance against fire. Books are considered evil because they make people question and think. The people live in a world with no reminders of history or appreciation of the past; the population receives the present from television” (from Cliffnotes)

“Is it true that firemen used to put out fires and not burn boooks?”

Themes, motifs and symbols in Fahrenheit 451


Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.

Censorship; Knowledge versus Ignorance


Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, and literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes

Paradoxes, Animal and Nature Imagery, Religion


Symbols are objects, character, figures and colours used to represent ideas or concepts

Blood, “The Hearth and the Salamander”, “The Sieve and the Sand”, The Phoenix, Mirrors


Language history – Lesson 1

English today is a world language but it all started in the British Isles. To understand the history of English developed it helps if you have access to maps which describe the region and how people (and languages have moved). A series of good maps for illustrations can be found at History of English podcast. Here you can also find a number of podcasts on English language history. There are 85 ! episodes, but among the most relevant are

Way back in time

Celts, Angles and Saxons





You can listen to the sounds of English through history using the BBC Ages of English Timeline


Irregular English verbs

Verbs are often a problem area for students of English as a second or third language.

As such English is quite easy when it comes to regular verbs as you only have the -ed ending (talked, walked…) for past actions, the ing-form for continuous action (and some other cases) and the s-form for the third person singular in the present tense. That only amounts to three different verb endings; -s, -ed, -ing. The problems come with how to use these verb endings, and then, of course, you have all the irregular verbs.

Irregular verbs are common and frequently used. You should learn the most frequent first. (There are more than 200). There are lists in books and on the internet. I will include a few links here below. When you go wrong with an irregular verb. I strongly suggest that you take some extra time to learn the correct form. This is an effecctive use of your study time and will quickly give you and improved proficiency.

50 Most Common Irregular Verbs in the English language, but does not include the auxiliary verbs “do” and “have”. (87% of irregular verb use in English!
70 common irregular verbs: pre-intermediate learners Pre-intermediate level students should be familiar with all or most of these words.
List of English irregular verbs: A – F (This is a complete list of English irregular verbs, with their past simple and past participle forms.)